Shoulder Impingement

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder impingement syndrome is the name given to a shoulder pain problem caused by the repetitive compression of part of the rotator cuff under the bony arch of part of the shoulder blade. Shoulder Anatomy The rotator cuff muscles come from the scapula (shoulder blade) and head for the side of the ball of the arm bone where they insert. As they get towards the ball they [...]

Man With Shoulder Pain

Shoulder Pain

Pain felt in the shoulder can come from a large number of potential sources. These include the neck, the shoulder itself, the heart, the lungs and conditions such as polymyalgia rheumatica. The initial diagnosis is very important as it is essential to rule out serious causes and to focus on treating the correct underlying cause. Shoulder Joint Anatomy The shoulder is a ball and socket joint, but here [...]

Frozen Shoulder Illustration

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen shoulder is the term for a shoulder pain condition that occurs mostly in middle aged to older people, is extremely painful and takes a long time to settle. It is also known as adhesive capsulitis although the cause and pathology is not clear. There may be little to find in the person’s medical history, examination or x-rays findings to explain their situation. Frozen shoulder is [...]

Rotator Cuff Tear

Rotator Cuff Injury

Rotator cuff tears are tears in the tendons of the muscles that control much of the shoulder’s stability and mobility. This is usually a degenerative process associated with ageing although repetitive use or trauma can present in younger people. The saying “Grey hair equals cuff tear” when an older patient consults a shoulder specialist indicates which age group this is most common in. Rotator Cuff Anatomy The [...]