ACL Tear Anatomy

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) Injury

The anterior cruciate ligament or ACL is one of the “big four” knee ligaments and stabilises the knee in complex ways. With an ACL tear a person’s knee is usually unstable in quick movements, decelerations and twisting manoeuvres. Anterior Cruciate Ligament Anatomy The knee has four major ligaments to keep it stable and guide the movements it is allowed to do during normal activities. The cruciate ligaments, [...]

Patello Femoral Joint Anatomy

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Kneecap pain is one of the commonest complaints in people of all ages. Patella Anatomy The patella or kneecap is a sesamoid bone, a bone that is located within the tendon of a muscle. It makes a joint with the large condyles of the femur at the knee joint. The patella runs in a track in the groove between the condyles. The patella acts as a fulcrum [...]

Meniscus Tear Illustration

Meniscus Tear

A meniscus tear is a tear in the fibrocartilage wedge structures that fill the space between the rounded femur and flat tibia on both sides of the knee. Injury to a meniscus of the knee is a very common condition to occur in the knee joint. The meniscus is often called a knee cartilage although the name cartilage is best used for the slippery surface material [...]

Knee Replacement Small

Knee Replacement

Total knee replacement (TKR), or total knee arthroplasty (TKA), is the replacement of the arthritic joint surfaces of the knee with artificial components. Although not as successful initially as the early hip replacements pioneered by Sir John Charnley in the UK, knee replacement has matured into a routine and predictable treatment for the severe knee pain of arthritis. The modern success of knee replacement is based on [...]